3 The Marble Room 
A glimpse at the Marble Room
Back To Map Room3 of the Museum - The Marble Room
Column dedicated to Caesar
 
10
Chimtou Marble in Republican Rome
Hardly any produce of high quality imperial production (i.e.blocks and columns) was left in Chimtou's quarries. This is why a fragment of a fluted column in classic giallo antico (marmor Numidicum) from the second cent. AD temple of Venus at Sicca Veneria-El Kef has to represent one of the earliest applications of Chimtou marble in the history of Rome, immediately after Julius Caesaręs assassination (March 15, 44 B.C): Suetonius Paulinus, vita Iulii, 85 reports: ...Postea solidam columnam prope viginti pedum lapidis Numidici in foro statuit [in]scripsitque PARENTI PATRIAE. "....Lateron (the people) erected a massive column of nearly twenty feet of Numidian stone on the forum and inscribed: "To the Father of the Fatherland".
 
Painting by Dirk Engelken 11
Numidian Village and Imperial Quarry 
A view from the marble hills at Chimtou and the Majrada Valley. Around the turn of time (under Emperors Augustus, Tiberius) a first bridge for the secondary road from Carthage to Sicca Veneria (El Kef) is already built. 
The indigenous Berber population is leaving their homes and graves for the Roman colonial settlement and military post.  They service the road and the Marmor Numidicum quarries in Imperial possession. Painting by Dirk Engelken.
 
Marble Types
12
The Splendour of Marmor Numidicum
a) Hic Nomadum lucent flaventia saxa - "Here shine the Numidian golden blonde rocks"- A quotation from Roman poet Statius referring to marmor Numidicum marble veneer in a villa in Rome. Though all the colours represented in this display - and more - can be found in Chimtou quarries, only the rosy and golden shades had the chance to come to fame in antiquity.
Giallo Spheres b) The splendour of giallo antico (marmor Numidicum) is best displayed in a sculpture's purest form, the sphere: three planets float under the ceiling of the museum's Marble Room.
13 Imperial Quarries in the Roman Empire 
14 Quarry Administration in Simitthus 
 

 
15
Ancient Gods for Quarry and City 
The marble hills of Chimtou with their sanctuaries proved in F.Rakobs´s excavations to be full of votive finds for various gods and godesses 
(cf.also the Chimtou athlete boy, No.25).
Vitrines 16, 17, 18 16
Forced Labour in the Quarries
The convicts in the forced labour camp had no quarrying experience. As the waste-to- extraction rate in the Imperial production of block and column was 5:1, constant  cleaning of the work places 
for skilled masonry labour was needed. This was done by the convicts, inmates of the forced labour camp north of the marble hills (cf.Chimtou Site no.8) 
 
17 Marble Extraction Techniques 
(cf. above, 16)
 
Marble Transport details
 
18
The Transport of Marble 
An array of crane, block and columns to represent the extraction in the quarries. On its backside a distribution map of Marmor Numidicum throughout the Roman Empire (20).
Marble plate copy
 
19
Private Marble Production
Copy of the finest example of sculptured plates in Chimtou marble (3rd cent.CE.). The original is in the museum of Cologne, Germany. 
20 Chimtou Marble Export in the Roman Empire. An up-datable distribution map of Chimtou finds from England to Turkey.
21 Giallo Antico Corniches from Bulla Regia 
 
 
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